Journal of Experimental and Theoretical NANOTECHNOLOGY

About the Journal :

Experimental and Theoretical NANOTECHNOLOGY (ETN) abbreviated as Exp. Theo. NANOTECHNOLOGY is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed and open access journal. It includes specialized research papers, short communications, reviews and selected conference papers in special issues on the characterization, synthesis, processing, structure and properties of different principles and applications of nanotechnology with focus on advantageous achievements and applications for the specialists in engineering, chemistry, physics, materials science and medicine. ETN covers and publishes all aspects of fundamental and applied researches of experimental and theoretical nanoscale technology dealing with materials synthesis, processing, nanofabrication, nanoprobes, spectroscopy, properties, biological systems, nanostructures, nanoelectronics, nano-optics, nano-mechanics, nanodevices, nanobiotechnology, nanomedicine, nanotoxicology within the scope of the journal. ETN aims to acquire the recent and outstanding researches for the benefit of the human being.


In this paper we are reporting an in-depth study into the material properties of cadmium incorporated kesterite material Cu2(CdxZn1-x)SnS4 (CZCTS). Though it was reported in the past that CZCTS can be a candidate solar cell material, little is known about the material characteristics of this compound. In this work, the impact of Cd content on structural, morphological, optical, electrical and opto-electronic properties of CZCTS films is studied by XRD, Raman, EDXS, SEM, UV-Vis, Seebeck effect, photoconductivity, I-T, Kelvin probe, and Hall measurements. It was found that the CZCTS band-gap varies almost linearly with the Cd concentration in CZTS lattice. Photosensitivity, carrier concentration and work function showed a clear tendency with respect to Cd content. The in-depth material characterizations and in particular the electrical and opto-electronic data presented in this paper will help designing optoelectronic devices based on this material.

Keywords: Cu2 (CdxZn1-x) SnS4; kesterite; solar materials