Experimental and Theoretical NANOTECHNOLOGY (ETN) abbreviated as Exp. Theo. NANOTECHNOLOGY is a multidisciplinary peer-reviewed and open access journal. It includes specialized research papers, short communications, reviews and selected conference papers in special issues on the characterization, synthesis, processing, structure and properties of different principles and applications of nanotechnology with focus on advantageous achievements and applications for the specialists in engineering, chemistry, physics, materials science and medicine. ETN covers and publishes all aspects of fundamental and applied researches of experimental and theoretical nanoscale technology dealing with materials synthesis, processing, nanofabrication, nanoprobes, spectroscopy, properties, biological systems, nanostructures, nanoelectronics, nano-optics, nano-mechanics, nanodevices, nanobiotechnology, nanomedicine, nanotoxicology within the scope of the journal. ETN aims to acquire the recent and outstanding researches for the benefit of the human being.
Abstract: Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a wide band gap (~3.37 eV) semiconductor. Thin film ZnO has many attractive applications in optoelectronics and sensors. Recently, nanostructured ZnO (e.g. ZnO quantum dot) has been demonstrated as a hyperbolic material; its dielectric function has opposite signs along different crystal axes within the mid-infrared, making it an interesting material for metamaterials and nanophotonics. Conventional sputtering deposition usually leads to the formation of polycrystalline ZnO films with randomly oriented grains and rough surface. This work demonstrated a solution-based process to grow ZnO thin films with highly oriented nanocrystals. Low-temperature plasmas were employed to modulate the microstructure and optical properties of the films. Such highly anisotropic nanostructured transparent semiconductor films may lead to interesting material properties in developing new optoelectronicdevices.
Keywords: ZnO, Sol-gel, oxygen plasma, crystal size.